Grading Process

The academic performance of a student shall be graded on a ten point scale. The letter Grades awarded to a student in all the courses shall be converted into a semester and cumulative performance index called the Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) respectively.

(1)        General Guidelines for Award of Grades:

(a) The marks of both the components of a course shall be added to get total marks out of 100. The rounding off shall be done on the higher side.

(b) For less than 30 students in a course, the grades shall be awarded on the basis of cut off in the absolute marks, as in Table – 1.

(c) For 30 or more than 30 students in a course statistical method shall be used for the award of grades. The salient features of the statistical method are given in Table – 2.
(d) A student failing in a course will be awarded any of the following four grades depending on his/ her performance:
(i) Grade E1, if a student is failing only in Continuous Evaluation.
(ii) Grade E2, if a student is failing only in End Semester Examination.
(iii) Grade E, if a student fails to secure overall minimum passing marks but has secured minimum passing marks in both the individual components.
(iv) Grade F, if a student is failing in both the components.
(e) Minimum passing marks / grade in individual component / overall in each course shall be as follows:

(i)         For any UG Course / Paper

                 (a)   Individual Component  - 30%
                 (b)   Overall Grade – D

(ii)        For any PG course / Paper

                 (a)  Individual Component  - 40%
                 (b) Overall Grade – C


Table 1 – Award of Grades based on absolute marks
(For less than 30 students)

Lower range of marks Grade Upper range of marks
91 ≤                  A+           < 100
82 ≤                 A             < 91
73 ≤                 B+           < 82
64 ≤                 B             < 73
55 ≤                 C+          < 64
46* ≤                 C            < 55
37 ≤                 D             < 46


* In case of Pharmacy students it shall be 50.

Table – 2 Award of Grades using statistical method
(For 30 or more than 30 students)


Lower range of marks Grade Upper range of marks
X+1.5σ     ≤             A+  
X+1.0σ ≤                 A              < X+1.5σ
X+0.5σ ≤                 B+             < X+1.0σ
X ≤                 B               < X+0.5σ
X-0.5σ ≤                 C+             < X
X-1.0σ ≤                 C               < X-0.5σ
X-1.5σ ≤                 D               < X-1.0σ
Where X denotes average marks & σ denotes standard deviation.

(2).       Grade Moderation:

The grades awarded whether based on absolute marks or by statistical method shall be moderated to satisfy the following norms of the University:

(A) A+ (A Plus) grade shall not be awarded for percentage of marks less than 80 in any case. A+ grade shall not be awarded to more than 10% of the total no. of students.

(B) For UG except Pharmacy students ‘D’ grade (minimum passing grade) shall not be awarded for percentage of marks less than 35 in any case. Further, no student having 40% or more marks shall be awarded failing grade E or F.

(a)  For PG except Pharmacy students ‘C’ grade (minimum passing grade) shall not be awarded for percentage       of marks less than 45 in any case. Further, no student having 50% or more marks shall be awarded failing       grade E or F.

(b) For all Pharmacy (UG as well as PG) students ‘C’ grade (minimum passing grade) shall not be awarded for       percentage of marks less than 50 in any case. Further, no student having 55% or more marks shall be      awarded failing grade E or F.

(c) The overall distribution of number of different grades should be according to the normal statistical      distribution to the extent possible i.e.

         (i) maximum number of students should obtain grade C+, B or B+.

         (ii) the number of students getting higher grades A or A+ and lower grades C or D should be in the          descending order on both sides.

(d) If statistical method is adopted and it is giving absurd results i.e. the value of (X+1. 5σ) is more than 100 or       the value of (X – 1. 5σ) is negative, then these values may be adjusted so as to satisfy above conditions 1 to 5.

(3)        Structure of Grading of Academic Performance
The structure of grading of academic performance together with the concerned grade points are given in Table – 3.



Table 3 – Structure of grading of academic performance

S.N. Academic performance Grades Grades points
1 Outstanding A+ 10
2 Excellent A 9
3 Very good B+ 8
4 Good B 7
5 Average – satisfactory C+ 6
6 Below average C 5
7 Marginal D 4
8 Poor E, E1 & E2 -
9 Very poor F -

(4).       Calculation of Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA)
The result of each student for each semester shall be worked out and provided in terms of Grades for each course, the semester grade point average of a student shall be calculated on the basis of the number of credits (Ci) earned in any course and grade points (Pi) earned in that course (based on overall grade obtained in a course) by the following formula:



(5).       Calculation of Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)
             Cumulative grade point average of a student for any number of semesters shall be
            obtained by the following formula:




where Ci is the total no. of credits earned in any semester (ith) and Si is the SGPA obtained in that  semester (ith)